Terms

In this section, we tried to provide information about the terms that are often found in the furniture sector.

Open shelf - A cabinet specially prepared to provide easy recognition and visibility of books and products in libraries and stores. Similar cases can also be used at home.

Dismantling furniture - Furniture made so that it can be disassembled and reassembled.

Fiberboard (fiberboard) - a sheet material made by hot pressing a carpet of wood fibers. These fibers can be obtained by crushing and evaporation of wood raw materials. As raw materials, residues from the process of production of boards and logs, technological chips and wood are used.

Particleboard (particle board) - a sheet material made by hot pressing of wood particles. Chipboard meets the most stringent requirements - there are no such shortcomings as internal voids and cracks. Among the most important qualities, one can single out high strength, stiffness, uniformity, softness during processing, and the ability to hold nails and screws firmly.

Folding lid - A furniture lid that opens with the help of rods located on both sides and in horizontal position can be used as a table.

Film with a finish effect (Finischfolie) - a single-layer paper film with imitation of pores of wood, coated with varnish.

Cornice - A linear element made of one or more profiles, which complements the furniture composition. The cornice has a protrusion outward. Usually, a pediment is installed on the cornice.

Class E1 - chipboard quality standard. This means that the use of this material is possible in the manufacture of even medical furniture (the standard for controlling the removal of harmful materials, especially carcinogenic formaldehyde and phenol).

Laminate - Laminated paper decorative material. Types of laminate: High Pressure Laminate (HDL) - coating material pressed under high pressure in floor presses; Continuous Pressure Laminate (LND) is a low pressure extruded coating material in tape presses.

Laminated particleboard / MDF - a special decorative paper board impregnated with melamine (because of this it is sometimes called a melamine board). Laminated board has high consumer features - heat resistance, moisture resistance, resistance to abrasion and other defects.

Marquetry (net) - A kit assembled from veneer particles. The famous French furniture maker Andre-Charles Boule (1642 - 1732) collected mosaic patterns from bronze against the background of tortoise shells, ebony and other similar materials. At the heart of this technique, which has received the name "Mosaic Bull" and "Marquetry Bull" is drilling on laid on each other layers of material at the same time as the background and the edge elements.

MDF stands for Medium Density Fiberboard. Means Medium Density Fiberboard. MDF boards make their wood fibers. This makes boards environmentally valuable. MDF boards are very durable and dense, which makes them ideal for painting or lamination.

Lamination - the process of lining boards or parts of them with special paper film. Lamination is carried out in the form of gluing of facing material on boards only in hot presses. The temperature of the press is 190-210 ° C, and the duration is 30-40 seconds. Laminated board has high resistance to mechanical and chemical influences.

Postforming is the process of gluing facing material on the edges of furniture parts.

Pressforming - MDF board processing technology. Using this technology, a decorative relief is applied to the surface of the board.

PVC - In the furniture industry it is used as a facing material. After this material is shaped, this material belongs to the group of thermoplastics with the property of reprocessing. Polymer films come in different colors, printed and embossed, matte and glossy. They are long-lived; resistant to acetic acid, ethyl alcohol and alkali; do not contain substances harmful to the human body.

Softforming is a technology for preparing laminated particleboards used to create furniture facades.

Texture - In Latin, “textura” means fabric, staging, compound, structure. Textures information about the surface features of any fabric or material, based on the internal structure and structure. The texture is determined by the objective physical and chemical properties of the material and this differs from the texture.

Tempered (tempered) glass - This glass belongs to the class of protective glasses. While when breaking, ordinary double-glazed windows fly apart into small parts, tempered glass is 4-5 times stronger and does not constitute a danger in case of breaking.

Track - Special rails that are used in wardrobes. Using these rails, the doors of the sliding wardrobe mounted on small rollers move, open and close.

Stained Glass - In French, it means glazing. From the Latin "vitrum" - glass. A decorative work of art made of colored glass or from any translucent material.